PMS or premenstrual syndrome include symptoms
such as depression, tension, headache breast tenderness, water retention,
bloating low energy and irritability. Vitamin B6 and magnesium and
zinc may useful to reduce breast tenderness and swelling as they
play a role in making prostaglandins. Gamma-linolenic acid, an essential
fatty acid found in evening primrose oil and borage oils can also
help reduce PMS symptoms. Some women with more pronounced symptoms
cannot be corrected by diet and supplements alone. This imbalance
is caused by estrogen dominance and relative lack of progesterone.
Estradiol is the most potent estrogen. There
is a fine balance between the female hormones estrogen and progesterone,
maintaining a complementary and antagonistic effect to keep the
body in homeostasis.
Estrogen is a feminizing hormone. They shape
the female body; enlarge breast and pelvis and increases blood supply
to the skin
Progesterone prepares the uterus for implantation
of a fertilized egg cell. It plays an essential role of pregnancy.
Daily secretion in young healthy women
is about 60-200ug and progesterone secretion 1-2mg day in the first
half of menstrual cycle and 20-40 milligram in the second half.